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Arms & Armour

Flintlock Gun (Chakmaki Banduk)

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Flintlock Gun (Chakmaki Banduk)
Mughal C. 1700 A.D.

Place of origin: Sindh (now in Pakistan)
Materials: Steel, wood
Dimensions: L: 162.1 cm.
Acc. No. 62.3192

One of the earliest kinds of guns that used a piece of flint, not a lighted match as used a matchlock gun, for igniting the gun-powder and shooting the bullet this is an outstanding example of a flintlock gun. Flint, the stone that sparks when struck and hence called in colloquial idiom 'chakmak', being its main component, the gun is also called chakmaki banduk or bandook patharkala, that is, the gun that used 'chakmak' or flint stone as its main component. It was the kind of gun that consisted of a self igniting mechanism. The gun contained a hammer, which, when struck on a piece of flint, sparked, igniting the gun powder in the pan resulting in the bullet's discharge. In India, it was first introduced during the early years of Jahangir's reign and even his Impress Nurjahan used it and gave a sitting to a portraitist.

Obviously a royal treasure, this single-barrelled, muzzle-loading flintlock gun has a long, fine barrel damascened in gold and silver with engraved letters on it. The curved butt rendered it easy to hold it under the armpit. It could also be fired from a tripod or by being kept on someone else's shoulders.

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