Arms & Armour
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C. 1739 A.D.
Place of Origin: Delhi, Mughal, Indo-Persian
Dimensions: L: 52 cm.
Acc. No. 58.47/3
The memories of which still shake the minds of the people of Delhi with horror and brutal killing the instrument of blood-shed, this battle axe was the principal weapon of Nadir Shah, the Persian ruler, who invaded Delhi in AD 1739 and massacred thousands of its inhabitants, according to some estimates, about one-third of her population. The axe has been richly worked with gold. While its tall handle has been adorned with beautiful floral designs its blade has inscribed on it verses from the Holy Quran, besides the name of Nadir Shah and his title Sahib-i-Qiran, that in Islamic history just three Islamic rulers, Timur, Shahjahan and Nadir-Shah preferred being known by. Both sides of the blade, socket and all eight sides of the octagonal handle have been thickly plated in gold and inscriptions and all decorative patterns have been engraved in high relief. The inscriptions are rendered in Persian using Nastaliq script and the floral and creeper patterns used for embellishing the handle pursue tehnishan style.