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Every month different departments display objects from their reserve collections in the showcase at the entrance to the Museum
BAYANA HOARD POT
4th-5th Cent. CE
23.5 x 17.5 cms.
This spouted vessel of copper has come to be called as Bayana Pot. It contained the Bayana hoard of Gupta gold coins.This pot containing the rarest of Indian historic coins was unearthed accidentally in 1946 by the cowherds in Hullanpur village, near the town of Bayana in Bharatpur State. Understanding the significance of the pot and the coins it contained the Maharaja of Bharatpur gifted it to the National Museum in 1951 through, the then president Dr Rajendra Prasad. This great discovery is an ideal example of each individual’s interest, participation, sensitivity and sincerity towards protecting the antiquities and history of the country. The discovery of Bayana hoard brought to light the rarest of Gupta coinages and added new chapters of political, social, religious and cultural history and glory of India.
Along with some major north Indian dynasty coins the Bayana pot contained the best specimens of gold coins of the Gupta period study of which has resolved the issues of chronology, genealogy and attribution of the coins. The Gupta coinage has been classified into various typologies: Couch type of Chandragupta II, Lion Trampler type, Elephant Rider type, The Lyrist type to name a few. The images of the gold coins in the case are an example of figuration, symbolism, composition, inscriptions along-with the aesthetic brilliance of the Gupta period. This is evident in Gupta coinage both literally, in its technique and symbolically i.e. in what it represents.
It will be worthwhile to remember the Hullunpur cowherds, King of Bharatpur for this important finding and Dr A.S. Altekar and Dr B.Ch. Chhabra whose intense study and research in documenting and cataloging the Gupta coins of the Bayana Hoard has broadened the scope of the studies on Gupta dynasty.